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  • Sep 25, 2020
    In a recent Courtside Report 2K declared some major gameplay features and modifications. Now you can try out these features in the NBA 2K21 demonstration that is live!Thanks into the Current-Gen Gameplay Trailer we understand that the Neighborhood will be coming in NBA 2K21.In a great deal of ways, NBA 2K21's demonstration feels like the same, compared to NBA 2K20. To my eye it NBA 2K21 MT Coins appears almost like the previous couple of decades, and appears to be running the clock out until next-generation consoles arrive before springing for a more substantial visual update. Legacy problems, like the CPU mishandling clock players and management dropping the ball as soon as the shot clock runs out, are still existing. Still, there are a number of noticeable positive tweaks: with the assistance of a few smaller gameplay upgrades and a brand new shot-stick mechanic, NBA 2K21's gameplay feels just like a baby-step forward.Try out NBA 2K21's new gameplay controllers with its demo in two weeksSeriously, if you place movie of NBA 2K21 side by side with NBA 2K20 I'd challenge you to see the gap in the images. This is not a horrible thing, because this franchise has a long history of being one of those best-looking sports games on the market, but it's a little disappointing to see how little has changed year over year. That means last year's flaws have carried over: gamers still look good, but outside of those superstars like Kawhi Leonard and LeBron James there is something a small generic concerning the designs.Some faces have too little detail and unusually large players such as Shaquille O'Neal (who is rostered on the"All-Time Lakers" squad available in the demo) don't own the identical kind of enormous existence they do in actual life.Thankfully, the longer I spent with all the brand new shot-stick mechanic, the more NBA 2K21 started to distinguish itself. The brand new shot meter, which requires preparing shots rather than simply time them, is utilized entirely with the right analog stick. It requires a straight pull downward (or upward, when driving toward the basket) and then centering the rod inside of the sweet spot on the meter. Not only did I find this brand new shot meter vastly more challenging, in addition, it fixed a few of  other problems I have had with NBA 2K for Buy NBA 2K21 MT years.
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  • Sep 22, 2020
    Recently, FIFA21 has become a hot spot for fans. They have recently given the data of major players, and this has also caused some controversy. Recently, they continued to update some data. They showed the best lineup of La Liga and Premier League in the game. I wonder if you approve of their lineup? Is the lineup they give the same as the actual performance of the players? If you put it in reality, which lineup do you think will be stronger? Let's take a look! As shown in the picture, the best team in La Liga is: the goalkeeper is Oblak with a data of 91, the defenders are Alba of 86, Pique of 86, Ramos of 89 and Carvajal of 86. In the midfield, there are 88 Kroos, 89 Casemiro and 87 Modric. The forward line is 88 Hazard, 89 Benzema and 93 Messi. In this lineup, if it is placed in reality, Hazard will definitely be taken down, joking Hazard's performance this season is really not very good, it is impossible for him to appear in the best team of La Liga.   The best team in the Premier League is: the goalkeeper is Alisson with a data of 90, the defenders are Robertson at 87, Maguire at 87, Van Dijk at 90 and Arnold at 87; midfielders are B Fee at 87 and Deb at 91 Launet and Kanter at 88, the forward lines are Mane at 90, Aguero at 89 and Salah at 90. This lineup is also controversial. For example, Kanter's performance in the last two seasons is very mediocre, and Laporte in the defense seems more stable than Maguire.   From the data given by FIFA21, the Premier League is obviously better than La Liga, at least the overall data is higher than La Liga, but the difference is not much. If in reality, these two teams play, which team do you think has a better chance of winning? The editor thinks it is La Liga, after all, as long as there is Messi, everything is possible. What's more, there is also a super guard Ramos in the team? I don't know what you think? Do you think the data given by FIFA21 are reasonable? For more cheap fifa 21 coins and news please follow us at https://www.ssegold.com/fifa21-coins  
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  • Sep 03, 2020
    The current-gen NBA 2K21 demo was just dropped on August 24th, 2020. It gave us a glimpse of what to expect in the final game. One of the most hyped features of the new game is none other than the change in shooting mechanism.The process of shooting game-winning hoops can be tricky for new players. Even seasoned players have trouble consistently landing perfect shots, especially when trying to nail those trickier half-court plays. Although the shooting changes have caused a problem for players. But that was pretty much expected for the current-gen game. Fortunately, this handy shooting guide aims to help you perfect this mechanic, giving you all the tips and tricks you need to increase your win rate.Practice - make the most of the training modePractice mode is a great mode to work on new shots, work out the kinks in your shot, finding the sweet spot of when to release the ball, etc. A good general rule is to take the shot at the peak of the jump. You may also want to turn on shot feedback (game settings > presentation) to get a general idea of what release timing constitutes a good shot, excellent shot, poor shot, etc.Be sure to mix up your shot taking distances and try out any techniques you find difficult. Once you get used to the timing, try turning off the shot meter and practice without the gauge. Good Shots - Wait for the perfect opportunity.  The shot clock gives you 24 seconds, so utilize it to the fullest. Always strive to get good looks of the basket where the defender isn’t close enough to contest the shot heavily. Once you have a good understanding of your team’s strengths and weaknesses, you’ll know which players synergize well with one another and who to prioritize giving the ball to.Pay close attention to the shot meter.Watching shooting animations has always been important in NBA 2K. However, the release of the ball is the most important thing when the shot meter is filled to the top. If done correctly, the shot meter will glow green and your player will unleash the ball with deadly power and precision.Badges will greatly improve your shooting ability.With over 100 archetypes and 50 new badges for players to unlock, combinations for creating the perfect player are nearly endless. Throughout the game's duration, NBA 2K21’s progression system allows you to modify your badges, giving you plenty of opportunities to unleash your full playmaking potential. Optimize your MyCareer player.Before you jump into MyCareer’s matches, you’ll be treated to the usual customization options that allow you to create your very own NBA player. This is incredibly important and will have a huge impact on the way your character performs in-game, so make sure you prioritize the stats you want before hitting the court. These above tips will certainly improve several of your experience as well as boost fun while doing so. In addition, to view more NBA 2k21 tips, guides, updates, and buy mt 2k21, please click here.
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  • Aug 30, 2020
    Players will receive different rewards after purchasing different versions of Madden 21. The only thing that may be the same is that the reward contains some MUT 21 Coins and rare player cards. After receiving the reward, players should first open their gold team fantasy pack. They will provide a variety of rewards, which will help players have a clearer understanding of their current lineup, and then they will know where to strengthen.   After completing the player configuration, players can consider how the solo challenge in Madden 21 should carry out. The first set of tasks is very simple, and once they can accumulate the difficulty, they deserve additional rewards. Please pay attention to the reward goals of the task, because these goals will also provide additional rewards and if the players know in advance, that things will become simple.   After completing the initial challenge tasks, players must consider the captain of their team. They can try out the four captains in the game and choose the most suitable one to be the captain of their own team. Don’t choose whoever you like to be the captain. The attributes and abilities of each captain are different, so players must choose the captain that matches their team.   The last key tip is not to be too obsessed with rare stars and buy a large number of card packs hoping you can draw powerful players. It is not worth the players to spend a lot of money to do because the probability of being able to draw rare stars is very low. They only need to choose the star that best suits the depth of their lineup in the store to allow the team to perform exceptionally in the game. Compared to spending money to buy a lot of card packs to draw a lottery, going to Buy MUT 21 Coins to buy the most suitable star looks much more cost-effective.
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  • Aug 18, 2020
    After a successful outing with Patrick Mahomes, the EA Sports team decided to enter the center of Madden NFL 21 again with Lamar Jackson. The next ranking was released on August 28, and it is expected to undergo a large number of upgrades in areas such as offensive ball control. This new feature brings a new breakthrough for offensive organizers. However, players don’t have superstars at their fingertips, and this year’s games will not add much revenue. You can choose GameMS to Buy MUT Coins, an online store that specializes in selling game currency. This makes the most interesting aspect of Madden's release: player ratings.James is only 24 years old and only participated in 5 games last year. But as a rookie, he scored 82.3 Pro Football Focus while completing 105 tackles with 11 pressures, 3.5 sacks and 49 out of 73 goals. The star passer T.J. Watt of the Pittsburgh Steelers, despite having 34.5 sacks in the past three seasons, withstood 59 pressures last year alone, he could only take 86 shots. Houston Texans quarterback Deshaun Watson was one of the most dynamic passers in today's game.Rob Gronkowski reunited with Tom Brady (Tom Brady) after leaving football for a year. This is the first time in his career to join a new team. Now his total The score is still 95. Scoring is always an important thing: the EA Sports team updates once a week. Any detectable errors will not last for a long time, and the score will be changed with each update. Interestingly, one of the new features this year is the addition of updated script acquisition and roster.Remember, the ratings of many star players better reflect the philosophical design changes that EA Sports began last year to become more realistic. The game’s blog post last year explained this shift: “Next, we redefine the so-called'entry-level quality', which may be the biggest change in the system. In Madden NFL 19, 54% of approximately 2,900 players are 70 OVR or higher. In Madden on the NFL 20, 41% of players have an OVR of 70 or higher, which means that both low-level beginners and deep players can be rated in the 60s (or even the 50s) . From entry to backup, this solves a big problem. In the previous Maddens, if a beginner is injured, backup is almost a plug-and-play method, but now, with the sharp drop in ratings, beginners will There is a unique feeling."The more realistic gameplay is that the superstar feels like a superstar, which brings a disastrous blow to the backup in the game, and it is a sensible choice for players to focus on Madden 21 Coins. For a whole year, with the changes in ratings, it is destined to get better in the latest version near the end of August. Coupled with more intuitive control on both sides of the ball, the best players should feel more special.
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  • Aug 13, 2020
    All of the upcoming NBA 2K21 covers have been revealed, and now pre-orders have officially started. We also saw details for next-gen upgrades. That may have brought some confusion for gamers, so we’re here to help with the NBA 2K21 cross-platform details.By purchasing that Mamba Forever edition, gamers will receive the next-generation Standard version of the game for PlayStation 5 or Xbox Series X. There’s no official release date for when that will happen, but we know the next-gen consoles arrive sometime before or during the holiday season 2020.Physical copies of NBA 2K21 Mamba Forever Edition current-gen will include a code inbox to redeem for a digital replica of NBA 2K21 Standard Edition on PlayStation 5 or Xbox Series X, within the same console family. Otherwise, gamers who purchase the 2K21 Current-Gen Edition featuring Damian Lillard on the cover and get a PS5 or Xbox Series X will have to buy the next-gen game when it comes out. Another option is to skip the Current-Gen and wait for the Next-gen version. It appears the price is $10 higher for the PS5 and Xbox Series X version of the game, at $69.99 each.There’s also no need to worry about losing MyTeam's progress regarding the NBA 2K21 cross-platform upgrade. 2K uses a MyTeam Cross-Progression and a Shared Virtual Currency (VC) Wallet to make things smoother for the transition. All of your points, tokens, cards, and progress in MyTeam will move from one console (PS4, Xbox One) to the other (PS5, Xbox Series X). With the Shared VC wallet, you’ll have access to the Virtual Currency you’ve accumulated on both the current and next-gen consoles when playing the game.NBA 2K21 is expected to be a massive jump ahead for the series with all the boosted next-gen capabilities. The next-gen consoles will undoubtedly enable the game to be better than ever. What this indicates for NBA 2K21:1. Improved Graphics & PresentationOne of the most apparent distinctions we will undoubtedly see out of the gate is the remarkable enhancement in graphics. Both the Xbox Series X and Playstation 5 will be outfitted with 8K support and Ray Looking up innovation. This means true-to-life lights, accurate representations, and sensible acoustics in real-time as you check out the video game globe.We're going to see remarkable visual renovations in every element of the NBA 2K21. In-depth structures with vibrant lights, ultra-realistic player versions, gamer shadows, court lighting, groups, and crowd reactions will undoubtedly take the video game's appearances to a brand-new level.With the increase in graphics as well as resolution, the information will undoubtedly be multiplied. It will certainly make it much easier to detect a few of the distinct nuances of NBA players seen throughout a game.NBA 2K's presentation will certainly also get a boost with the addition of 3D Audio, which will undoubtedly offer sensible acoustics in real-time as you play the game.2. Improved Gameplay, Physics, and also AnimationsThe transfer will favorably impact NBA 2K gameplay to the next-gen consoles. We will undoubtedly see even more reasonable basketball physics, far better foot planting, even more liquid, and smooth animations, and boost the number of animations.3. Improved A.IWe should see one of the most sophisticated AI today, in the effort to duplicate genuine NBA trainers and also group method on and off the court, the ability to adapt to a human opponent in greater detail, and too many more enhancements.4. Much less WaitingThe omission of loading displays indicates 2K ballers will be able to get involved in the activity today, without the demand to wait.5. Much Less Input LagDue to the incorporation of ALMM and VRR, input lag should be noticeably improved for next-gen consoles.To view more information regarding NBA 2k21, such as cheap mt 2k21, VC, system requirements, brand-new features, etc., please click https://www.u4gm.com/nba-2k21-mt.
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  • Aug 03, 2020
    Based upon previous cases, 2k's new series, NBA 2K21, might be launched in September. Does it enable players to play games on the next-gen gaming consoles? Could 2K21 be the start of cross-platform pc gaming on sporting activities titles? Below, let's examine everything we understand thus far about NBA 2K21 and Cross-Platform, along with Next-Gen.Cross-Platform in NBA 2K21   Cross-platform pc gaming has actually ended up being a substantial talking factor over the last few years.The success of Rocket League and Fortnite as cross-platform games as well as most recently the most recent Call of Duty video game has actually broken down obstacles in the pc gaming market.Gamers are currently asking yourself if their preferred sporting activities titles could be the following huge video games to go cross-platform, consisting of NBA 2K21.The NBA 2K series has never ever included cross-platform support before. Yet with an energetic MyTEAM fanbase across all of its systems, and amazing competitors all over you look, cross-platform could be a great means to make the series really feel also bigger.With cross-platform functionality comes the arguments for that has the advantage. For games where precision issues, like first-person shooters, computer mouse as well as keyboard constantly takes the cake. Yet with the NBA 2K series controllers could be king.Between the gaming consoles, there's a negligible distinction inefficiency and controllability, so even if PC is left out, the next-gen gaming consoles can produce an incredible setting for cross-platform play.This is one location to view once NBA 2K21 is unveiled, and also would certainly be comfortably obtained by players almost everywhere. It's still prematurely for games to play wonderful across the new Xbox as well as PlayStation gaming consoles, however its definitely worth watching on.NBA 2K21 on Next-Gen   With the PlayStation 5 as well as Xbox Series X still set to release in 2020, the sensible assumption is that NBA 2K21 will certainly be released on the next-gen systems once they're released. The game itself usually releases in October, and new gaming consoles typical launch in November, so it makes sense that 2K as a publisher would certainly desire this game readily available asap.NBA 2K21 is expected to be a massive jump ahead for the series with all the boosted next-gen capabilities. The next-gen consoles will certainly enable the game to be better than ever. What this indicates for NBA 2K21:1. Improved Graphics & PresentationOne of the most obvious distinctions we will certainly see out of the gate is the remarkable enhancement in graphics. Both the Xbox Series X as well as Playstation 5 will be outfitted with 8K support and Ray Looking up innovation. This means true-to-life lights, accurate representations, and sensible acoustics in real-time as you check out the video game globe.We're going to see remarkable visual renovations in every element of the NBA 2K21. In-depth structures with vibrant lights, ultra-realistic player versions, gamer shadows, court lighting, groups, as well as crowd reactions, which will certainly take the video game's appearances to a brand-new level.With the increase in graphics as well as resolution, the information will certainly be multiplied and will certainly make it much easier to detect a few of the distinct nuances of NBA players seen throughout a game.NBA 2K's presentation will certainly also get a boost with the addition of 3D Audio, which will certainly offer sensible acoustics in real-time as you play the game.2. Improved Gameplay, Physics, and also AnimationsNBA 2K gameplay will definitely be favorably impacted by the transfer to the next-gen consoles. We will certainly see even more reasonable basketball physics, far better foot planting, even more liquid, and smooth animations, as well as boosting the number of animations.3. Improved A.IWe should see one of the most sophisticated AI today, in the effort to duplicate genuine NBA trainers and also group method on and off the court, the ability to adapt to a human opponent in higher detail, and also many more enhancements.4. Much less WaitingThe omission of loading displays indicates 2K ballers will be able to get involved in the activity today, without the demand to wait.5. Much Less Input LagDue to the incorporation of ALMM and also VRR, input lag should be noticeably improved for next-gen consoles.To view more information regarding NBA 2k21, such as cover celebrity predictions, release dates, system requirements, brand-new features, etc., please click https://www.u4gm.com/nba-2k21-mt. In addition, they offer NBA 2k21 cheap mt. All MT coins are made by actual guys, 100% protected. As well as sufficient supply, as well as dependable providers, can assure you take less than 15 mins to receive the goods after putting an order.
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  • Jul 17, 2020
    Players all know that in Harvest, you can use its unique mechanism to create a variety of strange items. There are some exquisite handicrafts that may require players to spend a lot of time and energy and POE Currency to create. The game team told players at the beginning of Harvest’s release that they hope Harvest’s production potential can stimulate to see what it looks like.   Players will notice that they can pick up more level 2 seeds after killing level 1 monsters generated from the seeds. It means that players can plant higher-level monsters and harvest more items. Players need to spend three growth cycles to harvest a mature level 1 seed. The terrible news is that players who want wild worm bulbs and primal rebirth bulbs can now only get monsters by defeating monsters 68 and above.   After they add the new patch to Harvest, players will find that we now reduce the results of rare input. Previously, the game team did not classify the items in the game because of Harvest being the first release. Now the standard they divide is the function and cost of crafts. Players who use scarabs to make handicrafts now only need one scarab to complete the creation. The amulets worn by players are provided by handmade products.   Players have seen the serious and rigorous work attitude of the game team towards the new league. It is also inspiring players to play better games and promoting game development. No player does not praise POE now. Every player can get a lot of POE Items through their hard work and creative manufacturing methods in Harvest. Those novice players are better off going to the gold POE agents to Buy POE Currency, which would help them a lot before entering the game.
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  • Jun 30, 2020
    A new update to the role-playing game "Path of Exile" is finally released on the console! Like other leagues in "Path of Exile", "Harvest League" has a major update to the game with a brand new mechanism. If you are considering POE Currency, then this is the perfect time!"Path of Exile" is a game very similar to Blizzard's "Diablo" series, but many gamers think it is more complicated and rich in mechanics. In addition, if you have played PoE in the past but haven’t checked it in a while, the constantly updated content may make you feel like a brand new game when you actually come back.Chris Wilson’s view of the new alliance is “One of the harvest union’s favorite aspects is its production system. We do tend to design a handicraft system that is more powerful, accessible and unique than ever before. We can’t wait I want to see how players on the path of exile have pushed Harvest's powerful production potential to the limit."The patch was released on PC last week, so whether you are a console gamer or a PC gamer, if you like ARPGS, there is no reason not to play this free masterpiece!These improvements will appear in the form of patch 3.11.1, which will be released next week. The team has identified some improvements to Harvest they want to achieve, including new bonus items dropped from monsters and final bosses.Adjusted and improved the color of the plant's growth instrument to make it easier for color-blind players to recognize them. Other Harvest improvements include the addition of stairs in the area surrounding the Holy Grove Portal to improve its accessibility. Increased the number of seeds placed on the map, especially the middle and rare seeds. Now you can get more seeds from POE PS4 Orbs in the highest level map.The team will also improve the last Boss battle in Harvest, including the improvement of combat skills, the new progress percentage of sending telegrams to the next Boss rebirth, the Boss Debuff icon to apply the effect to you, and so on.
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  • Nov 14, 2019
    The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution in the world consisting of 448 articles under 25 sections, 12 schedules and 104 amendments. It lays down the framework of distinguished fundamental political code, procedures, powers, structure and duties of government institutions. It is a set of laws which includes fundamental rights, directive principles and duties of citizens. It was framed by The Constituent Assembly which was set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946 and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is known to be its chief architect.   The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into effect on 26th January, 1950. The Constitution bestows legal supremacy as it was created by a constituent assembly and The Parliament cannot override it.   The constitution is unique in its content but has borrowed some of its most salient features from other constitutions of the world. Here are the features that find their roots in other constitutions.   Influence from the United Kingdom Parliamentary Government  England, which is now a constituent country within the United Kingdom, developed the Westminster system of Governance. In it, the Head of State, usually a President is a ceremonial figurehead who is a theoretical source of executive power within the system.   In India, the democratic system of government can be divided into the parliamentary and the presidential system. In the parliamentary system, the executive is a part of legislature that implements the law and shares an important role in framing it.   Concept of single citizenship India has borrowed the concept of Single Citizenship from the United Kingdom which gives single citizenship to its populace. The Indian Constitution says, all the people irrespective of the states or territories in which they reside are the citizens of the country.   Rule of Law The rule of law, along with Parliamentary Sovereignty and court rulings fundamentally defines the United Kingdom’s unwritten constitution.   Rule of Law in India provides that the constitution of India shall be the supreme power in the land, the legislative and the executive.   The Legislative Speaker and their role The speaker of the House of Commons in United Kingdom chairs debates in the Commons Chamber.   In India, the speaker of the Legislative Assembly is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha and The Chairman heads the Rajya Sabha and the legislative council.   Legislative Procedure In the UK, Public Bill is the most common form of legislation and is introduced by Government Ministers which further brings about change in general law. In India, the legislative process begins with the introduction of a bill, either in Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. A bill becomes a law when a majority of members present, approve the bill.   Influence from the United States Bill of Rights   The US Bill of Rights comprises the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. It includes Americans’ rights in relation to Government. The Indian Bill of Rights extends most of the constitutional protections of Rights to individuals under the jurisdiction of The Indian Government.   Federal Structure of Government In the US, the Federal Government is composed of three different branches namely: Legislative, Executive and Judicial. The Indian Constitution specifies the distribution of legislative, administrative and executive powers between the Central government and the States.   Electoral College The United States Constitution has established a body of electors named The Electoral College which is constituted every four years to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.   With the means of Electoral College, the members of Parliament of India and the Legislative  assemblies of the states and the Union Territories elect their President indirectly every five years.   Independent Judiciary and Separation of powers The Indian Constitution has vested the power individually on the Legislative, The Executive, the Judiciary which is as mentioned in the Constitution of the United States.     Judicial Review Judicial Review is the power of the United States Supreme Court to decide whether a law or executive branches of the Federal Government or any court of the state government is constitutional.   Judicial Review refers to the power of the judiciary to interpret The Constitution to declare any such law or order of the legislature and executive void, if it finds them in conflict with the Constitution of India.   President as The Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces Article II Section 2 of the United States Constitution in The Commander in Chief clause, mentions "[t]he President shall be The Commander in Chief of the Army, The Navy and The Airforce, of the United States, and allied military forces, when called into actual Service of the United States."   In The Indian Constitution, Article 128, Section II, Title IV, it is mentioned that the President is the Head of Foreign Policy, the civil administration, the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the National Police and all other Law Enforcement agencies.   Equal Protection of Law in Indian Constitution   The Equal Protection Clause, within the text of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution states  “nor shall any State [...] deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws".   Similarly, Article 14 of the Constitution of India says that The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.    Apart from the UK and US, India has also borrowed salient features from other constitutions of Ireland, Australia, France, Canada, the Soviet Union, Weimar, South Africa and Japan. Some of the features borrowed from these countries can be listed as:   Influence from Ireland       Directive principles of state policy  Influence from Australia         Freedom of trade between states         National legislative power to implement treaties, even on matters outside normal federal jurisdiction       Concurrent List         Preamble terminology    Influence from France         Ideals of liberté, égalité, fraternité    Influence from Canada         Quasi-federal government — a federal system with a strong central government         Distribution of powers between the central and state governments         Residual powers, retained by the central government    Influence from The Soviet Union         Fundamental Duties under article 51-A         Mandated planning commission to oversee economic development     Influence from The Weimar Constitution         The emergency provision under article 356    Influence from South Africa         Amending the constitution    Influence from Japan         Due process     
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  • Nov 09, 2019
           संपूर्ण देशाचे लक्ष असलेल्या अयोध्या खटल्यावर आज सरन्याधीश रंजन गोगोई यांच्या अध्यक्षेतेखालील पाच सदस्य  घटनापीठाने आज निकाल दिला.सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाचे सरन्यायाधीश रंजन गोगोई, न्या. शरद बोबडे, न्या. धनंजय चंद्रचूड, न्या. अशोक भूषण आणि न्या. ए. अब्दुल नाझीर या पाच न्यायाधीशांच्या घटनापीठाने निकाल दिला असून न्यायालयानं राम मंदिर आणि बाबरी मस्जिद वादात महत्त्वाचा निर्णय सुनावला आहे. सलग ४० दिवसांच्या सुनावणीत दोन्ही पक्षांचा युक्तीवाद पूर्ण झाल्यानंतर न्यायालयाने हा ऐतिहासिक अंतिम निर्णय सुनावला....!    * अयोध्येतील राम जन्मभूमी-बाबरी मस्जिद वाद १०६ वर्षे जुना असून ब्रिटिशकाळापासून यावर सुनावण्या सुरू आहेत. फैजाबाद जिल्हा न्यायालय ते सर्वोच्च न्यायालय या प्रवासादरम्यान या वादाने देशातील वातावरण बदलले. अलहाबाद उच्च न्यायालयाच्या निकालानंतर या प्रकरणी सर्वोच्च न्यायालयात याचिका दाखल करण्यात आली होती. याचा निकाल आज न्यायालयाने सुनावला आहे.    *  सुन्नी वक्फ बोर्डाची याचिका फेटाळली- अयोध्या खटल्याच्या निकाल सुनावताना न्यायालयानं सुन्नी वक्फ बोर्डानं फैजाबाद न्यायालयाच्या १९४६ मध्ये देण्यात आलेल्या निर्णयाला आव्हान देणारी याचिका फेटाळून लावली आहे.   * रामलल्लाचे कायदेशीर अस्तित्त्व मान्य केले.  निर्मोही आखाड्याची ही याचिका फेटाळताना निर्मोही आखाडा सेवक असल्याचे न्यायालयाकडून अमान्य केलं.  मात्र, रामलल्लाचे कायदेशीर अस्तित्त्व न्यायालयानं मान्य असल्याचे म्हटलं. भारतीय पुरातत्व विभागाच्या अहवालाकडं दुर्लक्ष करता येणार नाही. बाबरी मस्जिद रिकाम्या जागी बांधली गेली नाही. गाडल्या गेलेल्या अवशेषांमध्ये हिंदू खुणा सापडल्याचा पुरातत्व खात्याचा निष्कर्ष सर्वोच्च न्यायालयानं मान्य केला.   * श्रद्धा ही प्रत्येकाची व्यक्तिगत बाब आहे- प्रभू रामाचा जन्म याच ठिकाणी झाला होता, अशी हिंदूची श्रद्धा आहे. तर मुस्लीम याला बाबरी मस्जिद मानतात. श्रद्धा ही प्रत्येकाची व्यक्तिगत बाब आहे, असं न्यायालायनं म्हटलं आहे.   * १८५६-५७ पर्यंत याठिकाणी नमाज पढण नाही- वादग्रस्त जागेत १८५६-५७ पर्यंत याठिकाणी नमाज पठण  करण्यात आले नव्हते . त्यापूर्वी याठिकाणी हिंदूकडून पूजा केली जात होती. या जागेवर दावा सांगणारा कोणताही पुरावा सुन्नी वक्फ बोर्डाला सादर करता आला नसल्याचं न्यायालयानं म्हटलं आहे.   * वादग्रस्त जागा हिंदुंना आणि मुस्लिमांना पर्यायी जागा देण्याचा निर्णय- सर्वोच्च न्यायालयानं महत्त्वाचा निर्णय दिला आहे. अलाहाबाद हायकोर्टानं जागा तीन अर्जदारांमध्ये विभागण्याची चूक केली. वादग्रस्त जागा हिंदुंना देण्यात येईल. तर मुस्लिमांना मस्जिदसाठी वेगळी जमीन देण्यात येईल. केंद्र सरकारनं तीन महिन्यात योजना तयार करेल. राम मंदिर बांधण्यासाठी सरकार ट्रस्ट तयार करेल. तर अयोध्येत महत्त्वाच्या ठिकाणी मशीद बनवण्यासाठी ५ एकर जागा दिली जाईल, असं न्यायालयानं म्हटलं आहे.   * आम्ही या निर्णयावर समाधानी नाहीत आणि या निर्णयाचा आढावा घेण्याबाबत विचारणा करू, असे सुन्नी वक्फ बोर्डाने म्हटले.   * सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने या वादग्रस्त जागेच्या ठिकाणी राम मंदिर बांधण्यासाठी ट्रस्टची स्थापना करण्याचे निर्देश देऊन विश्व हिंदू परिषदेला या कामकाजापासून दूर ठेवले आहे.    * सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने न्यायाधीश कालीफुल्ला, न्याय कार्यात निपूण असलेले मध्यस्थी श्रीराम पंचू आणि श्री. श्री  रविशंकर यांनी या निर्णयात घेतलेल्या सहभागाबद्दल कौतुक केले.   * १९४१ मध्ये मूर्ती ठेवून मस्जिदला अपवित्र करणे हे  कायद्याच्या विरोधात आहे असे कोर्टाचे म्हणणे आहे.         अश्याप्रकारे अनेक वर्षांपासून चालत आलेल्या अयोध्या वादग्रस्त जमिनीचा अंतिम निर्णय जाहीर झाला असून या निर्णयामुळे काही हानी होऊ नये किंवा जमावबंदी होऊ नये यासाठी अनेक ठिकाणी पोलिस सुरक्षा आणि कलम १४४ लागू  करण्यात आले.                       
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  • Nov 08, 2019
            गृह मंत्र्यांनी मांडलेल्या विधेयकांमध्ये, कलम ३७० हटवणे, जम्मू काश्मीर मधील आरक्षण धोरण बदलणे, कलम ३५(अ) हटवणे आणि जम्मू काश्मीरचे दोन केंद्रशासित प्रदेशांमध्ये विभाजन करणे, या गोष्टींचा समावेश केला होता. यामध्ये जम्मू काश्मीरला विशेष दर्जा देणारे कलम ३७० आणि ३५(अ)  हटवले. आता यांनतर जम्मू-काश्मीर आणि लडाख या प्रदेशांना विभाजित करणे, या विधेयकाबद्दल सभागृहामध्ये काय निर्णय घेतला आहे ? या बद्दल थोडक्यात झालेले बदल या लेखाच्या आधारे जाणून घेऊया...!  ३१ ऑक्टोबर जम्मू-काश्मीर आणि लडाख विभाजन-  १) ५ ऑगस्टला जम्मू-काश्मीर आणि लडाख हे प्रदेश स्वतंत्र होणार अशी घोषणा करण्यात आली. राज्यसभेत या विधेयकांच्या बाजूने १२५ तर विरोधात ६१ मतं मिळाली, दोन्ही सभागृहात जम्मू-काश्मीर पुनर्गठन विधेयक २०१९ ला मंजुरी मिळाली आणि राष्ट्रपतींनी यावर स्वाक्षरी देखील केली.     २) ३१ ऑक्टोबर २०१९ पासून जम्मू-काश्मीर आणि लडाख प्रशासकीयरित्या केंद्र सरकारच्या अधिकाराखाली आले आहेत. या निर्णयामुळं जम्मू-काश्मीर व लडाख हे स्वतंत्र केंद्रशासित प्रदेश झाले आहेत. मात्र, जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये विधानसभेचं अस्तित्व कायम राहणार आहे.     ३)  ३१ ऑक्टोबर २०१९ पासून जम्मू -काश्मीर आणि लडाख, दोन राज्य केंद्रशासित प्रदेश म्हणून अस्तित्वात येणार आहेत. त्यामुळे देशातील केंद्रशासित प्रदेशांची संख्या ९ झाली आहे आणि राज्यांची संख्या २९ वरून २८ अशी झाली. तसेच त्यांनतर लडाख हा संपूर्ण केंद्रशासित प्रदेश झाला तर, जम्मू-काश्मीर विधानसभेसह केंद्रशासित झाला आहे.  या निर्णयामुळे हे बदल झाले-     १) राज्यातील वेगळी राज्यघटना संपुष्टात आली.    २) जम्मू-काश्मीरचा स्वतंत्र झेंडाही रद्द झाला असून जम्मू आणि काश्मीरमध्ये तिरंगा फडकावला जाईल.     ३) या निर्णयामुळे जम्मू-काश्मीर मधील लोकांचे दुहेरी नागरिकत्व संपुष्टात येणार असून यापूर्वी कलम ३७० नुसार जम्मू-काश्मीरमधील निवडणुकीत केवळ त्याच राज्यातील नागरिकांना मतदानाचा अधिकार होता. याशिवाय इतर राज्यांमधील नागरिकांना तिथे मतदान करता येत नव्हते आणि निवडणुकीत उमेदवार म्हणूनही निवडणूक लढवता येत नव्हती. परंतु हे चित्र या निर्णयामुळे बदलले आता भारतातील कुणीही नागरिक जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये जाऊन मतदानही करू शकतो आणि उमेदवारही होऊ शकतो.     ४) केंद्राच्या निर्णयानुसार हे दोन्ही प्रदेश केंद्रशासित असले तरी जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्येच विधानसभा असेल. लडाखमध्ये विधानसभा नसणार.     ५) सध्यस्थितीत जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये विधानसभेच्या एकूण ८७ जागा आहेत. यापैकी ४६ जागा काश्मीर, ३७ जागा जम्मू आणि लडाखमध्ये विधानसभेचे चार मतदारसंघ आहेत.    ६) विधानसभा क्षेत्र निर्धारित करताना तेथील लोकसंख्या आणि मतदारांचा टक्का लक्षात घेतला गेला. त्यामुळे जम्मूतील विधानसभेच्या मतदारसंघाची संख्या वाढली असून काश्मीरमधील विधानसभा मतदारसंघ कमी झाली आहे.         ७) न्यायव्यवस्थेत काहीही बदल होणार नाही. श्रीनगर उच्च न्यायालय आणि जम्मू-काश्मीर खंडपीठ पूर्वीप्रमाणेच कार्यरत राहील. पंजाब आणि हरियाणासाठी चंदीगडचे जे महत्त्व आहे, तसेच या दोन राज्यांचे कायम राहील.  ८)  केंद्राचे सर्व कायदे लागू झाले आहेत.    ९) भारतीय संसद जम्मू-काश्मीरसाठीही सर्वोच्च असेल. भारताची राज्य घटना या प्रदेशाला पूर्णपणे लागू होईल. यानंतर जम्मू-काश्मीरची वेगळी राज्यघटना नसेल.    १०) लडाख याचे विभाजन होऊन तो केंद्रशासित प्रदेश बनला, मात्र इथे विधानसभा असणार नाही. इथला प्रशासकीय कारभार चंदीगडप्रमाणे चालवला जाईल.    ११) जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये माहितीचा अधिकार कायदा, सीजीए लागू झाले आहेत.     १२) भारतीयांना जम्मू-काश्मीर मधील संपत्ती खरेदी करण्याचा आणि जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये गुंतवणूक करण्याचा मार्ग मोकळा झाला आहे.    १३) राज्याच्या कायद्यात आता केंद्र सरकारला हस्तक्षेप करता येतो.     १४) कोणताही भारतीय नागरिक जम्मू-काश्मीरमध्ये नोकरी करू शकतो.                          लडाखमध्ये, लेह आणि कारगिल असे दोन जिल्हे झाले आहेत  मात्र त्याला विधानसभा नाही. विधेयकानुसार, जम्मू आणि काश्मीर केंद्रशासित प्रदेशाच्या प्रशासनाचे अधिकार आता दिल्लीप्रमाणेच नायब राज्यपालाकडे असणार, ज्याची नियुक्ती नवी दिल्ली येथील सत्ताधारी करतील. तसेच या नवीन रचनेनुसार जम्मू-काश्मीर विधानसभेमध्ये १०७ आमदार असतील (आत्ता ८७ आहेत). तसेच कायदाक्षेत्रातील हरीश साळवे यांच्यासारखे काही तज्ज्ञांच्या मते सरकारने मांडलेले हे विधेयक जम्मू आणि काश्मीरची पुनर्रचना करण्यासाठी कलम २ आणि ३ चा वापर करून ‘कायद्यानुसार केलेला ठराव’ म्हणून काम करते.                         कलम ३५(अ)  ही भारतीय राज्यघटनेनं जम्मू-काश्मीरसाठी केलेली विशेष तरतूद आहे. ही केवळ त्या प्रदेशासाठी केलेली व्यवस्था आहे. जम्मू-काश्मीर पुनर्रचना कायदा हा ३१ ऑक्टोबर पासून लागू केला असून हा प्रदेश राजकीय आणि प्रशासकीय दृष्ट्या  विकासाच्या मार्गी कसा लागेल. या दृष्टीने यावर केंद्रीय गृहमंत्रालयाने आढावा घेतला. त्यानुसार लडाख हा प्रदेश जम्मू-काश्मीर पासून वेगळा करण्यात आला आहे. लडाख यापुढे संपूर्ण केंद्रशासित प्रदेश असणार तर जम्मू-काश्मीर विधानसभेसह केंद्रशासित असणार. या निर्णयामुळे जम्मू काश्मीरचा विशेष दर्जा कालबाह्य झालेला आहे.                          
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